Normal skin contains cells called melanocytes which produce skin pigment known as melanin. In certain conditions of the skin, these cells are either abnormal or abnormally distributed. In the condition we refer to as Hyperpigmentation, the pigment cells are overactive, resulting in the appearance of brown patches on the skin. There are various forms of this condition, and each may involve a different treatment approach.
Melasma or brown patches of skin which often appear on the cheeks or forehead, can be due to heredity or caused by hormonal changes such as occur in pregnancy. This is also referred to as the “mask of pregnancy”. Melasma, unlike other pigmented lesions, does not respond to laser treatments, but may improve with other types of treatment.
Age spots or liver spots commonly appear on many adults during the aging process or after years of exposure to the sun. They are normally seen on the hands, neckline, and forearms. Also referred to as liver spots or lentigos, they can be a detraction from your natural beauty. Fortunately, this type of pigmented lesion can be treated very successfully.
Post-inflammatory Hyperpigmentation may result from injury to the skin. Causes of this condition include severe acne, rashes such as eczema or psoriasis, and even poorly administered chemical peels or laser surgery.